The design of stage lighting is mainly directed at the theatrical performances; The studio lighting design is aim at recording television programs. Stage lighting design faces the audience during theatrical performances; and the studio lighting design mainly faces the audience in front of the TV, and more importantly, it considers the effect of the TV screen after the broadcast. So , let’s give you the further explanation:
1.Avoid "black area" on TV screens
The "black area" refers to the dark part of the television picture taken, which makes the picture appear oppressive ,empty and affects the broadcast effect of the television program. Generally speaking, there is no concept of “black area” in stage lighting, because the stage lighting only needs to consider the visual display of the human eye to be comfortable and appropriate. In the studio lighting design, the lighting engineer should fully communicate with the choreographer and the cameraman, to know the angle of view and composition of the camera angle in advance, to avoid the emergence of "black areas."
2.Different requirements on exposure of lights
For the exposure of lights,The requirements of the stage are more relatively strict then studio , especially the kind of realistic dramas performed on the stage of the frame such as "Teahouse", "Thunderstorm" and other drama performances, it is necessary to hide the lights as much as possible to avoid disturbing the visual experience due to the exposure of the lights.
For studio lighting, many studio lights are directly exposed, because the camera only shoots a certain area in the studio, as long as the lights do not appear on the TV screen.
3.The use of "hard light" and "soft light"
The use of "hard light" and "soft light" is a very big difference between studio lighting design and #stagelightingdesign..
The hard light refers to light with strong direct radiation, large contrast between the bright and dark of the subject, bright light with high light spots, and relatively clear shadow edges, such as LED spotlights;
Soft light generally refers to light that is relatively strong in scattering, it has little difference in light and darkness between the illuminated objects, and has a softer light point and softer shadows, such as LED flat panel lights.
In the theater stage, spotlights are usually used for ceiling light; if the studio lights use LED spotlights for top light, it will cause people's shadows to be hard and not suitable for the requirements of news or interview programs.
For the small and medium-sized studios, the lighting usually requires the figures to be soft and do not appear stiff shadows and dark areas. Therefore, soft lights are generally used, and the diffuse reflection of the lamps is relatively large. In the studio lighting, LED video flat panel lights are usually used to provide people with cloth light, side light, etc., and LED spotlights are used as backlighting lamps for character modeling. Tag: stage lighting, lighting designer, lighting and sound